Related to katydids and crickets, grasshoppers are medium to large-sized insects. Their Latin name is ‘Suborder Caelifera’. There are more than 10,000 species of grasshoppers. Every single grasshopper comes in different sizes. Their normal size is about 3 to 13 centimeters long. Grasshoppers are divided in two types—long horned grasshoppers(with long antennas) and short horned grasshoppers(with short antennas). A grasshopper’s body is segmented in three main parts—head, followed by thorax and the abdominal area. Its body is covered in an exoskeleton or a hard shell-like layer. Head has two antennas growing outside. It has five eyes and six legs in total. The hind legs function to aid it in jumping and hopping. That’s why these are comparatively bigger and contain large flexor muscles. Short front legs are used for walking or holding the food. Besides that, an adult grasshopper has a pair of wings.