Spider mites are tiny insects that causes infestation on the plants by infecting the leave blades and stems of a plant. Mites in indoor and outdoor plants are a common problem these days, particularly in the rainy season. Keep reading to learn more about how to identify and kill mites.
The red spider is a tiny mite of about 0.5mm, of the Tetraniquies family, capable of weaving cobwebs, so it can be confused with these. Its color varies from brown/greenish to deep red according to its maturity. It is usually protected on the underside of the leaves and also with its cobwebs, able to trap natural predators and protect from some aroids.
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Identification of Mites in Indoor Plants and Outdoor Plants
Initially, the mite’s damage will appear as small yellow or brown spots on the leaves of the plant. If the plant is severely infested, the health of the plant will suffer and can develop completely yellow leaves and may stop growing. Spider mite damage can also include a type of revealing web on the plant. Mites are arachnids and are related to spiders. They produce cobwebs to protect themselves and protect their eggs. They also affect the yield of the plants. So it is a must to treat spider mites on plants.
During the last years, in marijuana cultivation, the addition of red spider has increased remarkably, since years ago these mites died when the winter arrived outside. Currently, with the increase of indoor crops and greenhouses, which remain active throughout the year and the increase in the temperature of the earth causes the red spider to last throughout the year in one place or another, reinforcing more and more its resistance. Thus it is necessary to know how to treat spider mites on houseplants and outdoor plants to save them from being infested by spider mites.
How to Identify a Plague of Red Spider?
Before thinking about how to treat spider mites on plants, it is essential to identify them. Despite the tiny size the red spiders, it is easy to identify these mites by its greenish-brown or deep red color and its slow movement on the plants. Occasionally, during outdoor cultivation, another mite of similar appearance but harmless to the plants also appears. You can distinguish them because they run much faster than the red spider and do not sting on the plants.
They can be found on both sides of the leaf, since on the face of the leaf they sting and on the back they lay the eggs, just like the whitefly. In addition, the red spider leaves a few characteristic whitish or gray spots on the leaves as it feeds on the plant.
Damages Caused by Spider Mites
Spider mites are tiny miniature creatures and are so small that it can hardly be seen by us and can easily barge into your gardens and yards or even your home without being noticed. They can cause significant damages especially when you talk about trees and plants. Even a small group of spider mites have the power to destroy a whole plant. They suck out the sap and juices from the plants and in return cause the plant leaves and stems to deteriorate. If these spider mites happen to infest melons and watermelon plants, then it can cause loss of leaves and also affect the yield of the fruits. Even sugar, beans, and pea plants can suffer significant losses if they are infested by these pests. They can also kill the plants entirely if the infestation is caused at a greater extent.
Effective Treatments of Spider Mites to Kill Spider Mites
Normally there is no need to worry about spiders if you detect fine straps on the leaves of the indoor plant. It is likely that your plant harbors red spiders, small eight-legged arachnids related to spiders, instead of harboring true spiders. Fortunately, you can easily treat spider mites on plants with soap and plain water to wash dishes.
- Things You Will Need
If you are thinking about ways on how to treat spider mites on houseplants and outdoor plants, then here are few things that you need to have.
* Liquid dish soap
* 1 gallon of water
* Spray bottle
* Examine indoor plants for small belts every time you water. Mites are much easier to control if pests are found and treated before their number increases enough to damage plant tissue.
* Soap products have been used for centuries to kill insects in plants. They kill many insects by altering the outer cell membranes and some by dissolving the outer waxy layer of the insect, thus creating dehydration.
Things to keep in mind when Treating Spider Mites On Plants
* Isolate houseplants infested with mites during treatment to prevent pests from spreading to other plants in your home.
* Always wash your hands after you treat spider mites on plants to prevent the spread of pests.
* Discard indoor plants that suffer serious or chronic mite infestations. Although it may seem like a drastic move, it can help prevent other plants from suffering the same fate.
Another effective way to treat spider mites on plants is to use insecticidal oil, such as neem oil, horticultural oil or an inactive oil. You can also try using an acaricide, as this will kill them. You should not try to use a normal pesticide for treatment with mites, as they are resistant to pesticides. The use of a pesticide will only kill the beneficial insects that eat the mites, which will worsen the mite infestation. Mites in indoor plants and garden plants are annoying and unsightly, but you do not have to let the damage caused by the mite scratch your plants.
Organic Ways to Get Rid of Spider Mites
When small yellow spots begin to appear on the leaves, and nets cover the lower part of the foliage, a magnifying glass is likely to reveal small members of the family of arachnids – red spiders. Small sap-sucking pests reproduce throughout the year in warm climates and indoors. The warm climate increases the reproduction and can take the garden between June and September.
In order to treat spider mites on plants that thrive in dusty, warm conditions, you can take help of chemicals. Water the garden regularly to reduce water stress in plants. Also, use a strong blast of water to remove pests from the bottom of the leaves and rinse off the dust. Spraying dry roads can reduce dust on foliage and discourage the spread of mites.
Secluding the Plants
If you happen to find that a plant is infested by spider mites, then the very first thing that you need to do is to seclude the plant from other plants. These spider mites may jump on to your other plants and infest them too. So it is a wise act to separate the infested plants from other plants that do not show any such signs of infestation.
Pruning the Affected Part
Another way to get rid of infestation is by hand plucking the affected leaves and stem of the plants. You can remove the damaged leaves and discard it into trash bins and even if a whole plant is infested do not leave it unattended instead pluck it on a whole and dispose it before these tiny spider mites start crawling on other plants and build their home.
If you love to keep plants indoors, then make sure that you take care of them properly. Not only by watering the plants but by dusting it on a regular basis as well. Dust and dryness are enough to attract spider mites to the plants, make it a habit of dusting the plants or wiping it with a sponge in order to prevent them from mite attack.
Try some leaves a day or two before spraying the plants to make sure the soap does not damage the foliage. Make two applications, five days apart, late in the afternoon after the sun sets when temperatures are below 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Avoid spraying plants stressed by drought; Water thoroughly the day before you plan to spray.
Plant-based horticultural oils can be used as natural remedies for spider mites. Neem, canola and cottonseed oils are available as ready to spray concentrates. You can easily get them in the market and save the time of preparing such a mixture. You can also prepare it at home with ease and start with your mission of killing these pests. The concentrates are usually mixed in a solution of 1 to 2 percent, or approximately 2 1/2 to 5 tablespoons of oil in 1 gallon of water. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to mix and use.
Diatomaceous Earth is another threat to these spider mites which can get these spider mites to stay away from your yards. Basically, this diatomaceous earth is nothing but the ocean plants fossil remains which can be used to treat spider mites on plants. This looks like simple flour but has the capability of killing the spider mites. This DE hack can be used on the spider mites which causes the outer layer or cuticle of the spider mites to dry off sucking up the liquid and fluid of the spider mites. When spider mites come in contact with diatomaceous earth, they are unable to maintain the necessary fluid level in their body ultimately leading to death. Thus DE can be used as an effective treatment for spider mites.
Pyrethrum is just another organic pesticide that can be used for treating spider mites. This is made of pyrethrum daisy and can paralyze the insect completely further leading to death. Pyrethrum daisy insecticide directly affects the nervous system of the insects and thus are very effective in freeing your yard and garden from these destructive elements.
Predatory mites, lacewings, and ladybugs feed on mites and other pests. Free mites early in the morning or late at night, when temperatures are colder.
Sulfur aerosols are also an option when the mite population is out of control. Apply sulfur in liquid form when temperatures are below 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Increase humidity in the room by adding a fresh vapor vaporizer to eliminate dusty and dry conditions that encourage mite infestations. Repeat this treatment in seven to 10 days. This is one of the natural remedies for spider mites that you can use to prevent plants from being infected.
Rosemary Oil Hack
Rosemary oil is an effective oil that you can use as a natural hack to kill spider mites. This oil affects the nervous system of the spider mites and kills them. For this, you need to mix rosemary oil in water and use it as a spray to treat spider mites on plants. You also get ready-made rosemary oil mixture which are ready to use, and you can spray it directly to the plants to free it from these tiny destruction causing demons. This solution has the capability of repelling these monsters and acts as a deterrent to shove off these tiny mites.
Always follow the instructions on the label carefully to avoid damaging your plants, as well as your skin, eyes, and lungs. Stay out of the garden for 24 hours after using sulfur aerosols. While sulfur powders are available, liquid sprays are a safer option for the home gardener. The dust tends to drift and is dangerous for the eyes and lungs. It also lights easily; If you choose to use sulfur powder, stay away from the flames and do not smoke while applying the powder.
After applying pesticides to the garden, wash all clothing in hot water with laundry detergent. Shower and wash your hair to be sure to remove any traces of the spray. Follow the instructions on the label if someone is accidentally exposed to the product
So we now hope you are well acquainted with the essential tips and organic hacks that you can use for treating spider mites. So next time you spot those tiny red monsters, you know well how to get rid of them and keep your garden free from being infected with these pests. There is the video about controlling the spider mite in the garden.