Rats are medium sized creatures with long tails. True rats belong to genus “Rattus,”among which black and brown rats are closely associated with humans. These rats were originated from Asia. Rats and mice can be distinguished only by their sizes i.e. rats are bigger in size while mice are smaller in size. Bucks are the male rats while the young female is called does, newly born rats are called pups or kittens. Pregnant female rats are “Damsremember.”
Rats are small, filthy creatures which love to reside near or in our houses. Rodents can easily escape and invade your home, spreading the diseases to your family members. They require spillage foods, stagnant water, and shelter for their survival. The most commonly found species are Roof Rats and Norway Rats.
The black or the roof rats are usually found near coastal areas in the United States; they live on the ground while Norway rats are found all over the country and inside the ground. They are a serious risk factor because they cause numerous diseases in children. There are around 20 types of diseases which are carried by the rats and are harmful to humans; these include foot and mouth disease, Lassa Fever, Leptospirosis, bubonic plague and Hantavirus infections. They transmit diseases through their urine and feces. They act as a zoonotic vector.
Rodent infestation in your houses can be easily identified by their droppings, tear or rip in your fabric material, digs or holes in your open areas, holes in your furniture. Rats feed on vegetables, fruits, fish or meat.
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Best Natural Repellents to Kill Rats in the House
We don’t always need poisons, i.e., rodenticides which might be detrimental to us as well as for our pets if inhaled. Therefore, we can follow straightforward and natural home remedies to get rid of rats. Home remedies are more preferred because they are effective as well as nontoxic.
Try these on for size:
Rats have an acute sense of smell. We, humans, find the fragrance of peppermint as refreshing and pleasant while it’s very offensive for rats.
REQUIREMENTS: Few cotton balls and peppermint oil.
DIRECTIONS: Add 25-30 drops of peppermint essential oil to every cotton ball and place it surrounding your home. Keep replacing it when you feel the smell is diminishing off. The peppermint oil kills the rats as soon as they feel it which directly affects their lungs, shrink them and kill the rats off. If you are not willing to put peppermint essential oils, you can go for minty toothpaste or peppermint leaves.
2. Moth Balls
Moth balls can repel both rats and mice. They are poisonous to both humans and mice.
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DIRECTIONS: Place moth balls in deserted areas like attic, backyards or basement. Touch them with covered hands and try to be careful. They are readily available, and they are simple to use.
Ammonia is a super cleaning agent, but it acts as an excellent repelling agent to the rodents.
REQUIREMENTS: 2 -2 1/2cups of ammonia, 100- 200 ml of water and 2 -3 spoons full of detergent.
DIRECTIONS: Mix all the above substances in a bowl and place the bowl near those locations where rats are frequently found. Ammonia has a pungent smell due to which mice die.
4. Owls Feather
There are few natural predators of rats and mice which include owls and snakes. However, we can’t bring them home so we can act smart and put some owl feathers near the holes of rats. These feathers are inexpensive and simple to use. They act as a wonderful repellent to mice.
5. Black Pepper
Pepper produces a very sharp smell. This smell is very offensive for the mice and rats. It acts as an excellent repellent against them. As soon as the rats inhale the aroma of pepper, their lungs react, and they are dead.
DIRECTIONS: Sprinkle a small amount of black pepper around the residing places of rats.
Bay leaf has an aromatic smell which commonly attracts the rats. They try to feed upon the bay leafs and end up choking themselves. Bay Leafs possess secondary metabolites which are found to be toxic to the mice.
DIRECTIONS: Put some bay leafs around the tiny holes and corners of your house.
Onions have a pungent smell as well. This smell is not tolerable for rats or mice. As soon as they smell onions, they try to run away from such places. That is one of the most efficient remedies.
DIRECTIONS: Cut onion slices and place it around areas inhabited by rats or mice. Try to replace the onions every day as they rot with time.
8. Human Traps
Human traps are the easiest and the most efficient methods for people who would not like to kill the rats. These traps are easy to use and available easily in the market. They comprise of two types i.e. sticky trap and snap trap.
Snap traps entail spring which activates as soon as the mouse reaches for the bait. While sticky traps are considered to be inhuman as the rats get stuck when they try to escape, they eventually die due to starvation or dehydration. Electronic mouse traps are also available in the market.
DIRECTIONS: Put a fresh bait, cheese or peanut butter inside the trap. As soon as the rats reach to eat the food, they get stuck in the trap; now you can take the trap far away from home and release the mouse.
9. Dried snake/Cat litter
You can visit a pet store or zoo and buy some litter of dried snake. Put it in the holes of the house where rats are seen. For the same purpose, we can also use cat’s litter which is suggested by farmers because cats are considered as the natural predators of rats.
10. Human Hair
You can place some human hair inside the rat holes to frighten them as they may eventually swallow the hair the moment they see them.
11. Cow Dung
Cow manure is a natural rat killer when they eat this litter; their stomach gets upset. After some time they begin to vomit and eventually it leads to the death.
DIRECTIONS: Place some amount of cow dung in closed areas like your basement, attic or parking lots, the hole where rats reside. They’ll be dead instantly as soon as they eat it because of the rupture of their gastrointestinal system.
REQUIREMENTS: Sound Box.
DIRECTIONS: Switch on the audio box near the holes of rats. These sharp sounds are not tolerable by the rats. Their ears start bleeding, and they die after some time.
13. Baby Powder
The smell of the baby powder acts as a deterrent to rats and mice. It’s not considered as an efficient method. However, baby powder helps in the intoxication of rats leading them to death.
DIRECTIONS: You need to sprinkle a small amount of powder near the rat holes.
14. Steel Wool
Try patching the holes in the wall with steel wool. It is a solid material, and mice find it difficult to bite this material. The steel wool acts as a barrier and prevents the rats from crossing it.
DIRECTIONS: Patch the steel wool on small holes, access points of the rats. Their teeth are irritated by chewing on steel wool.
How to Kill Rats Fast: Do’s and Dont’s
- Picking up an effective rat poison is the best way to kill those annoying rats instantly.
- Maintain cleanliness in your open spaces like gardens, yards or basement and check for the signs of the hole by rats.
- Store the remaining foods in a sealed container.
- Seal all the holes and entries for rats in your house, like doors, vents or small openings in chimneys.
- Keep cats as your pets to avoid rats as cats are real natural predators against rats.
- Cover the garbage properly.
- Clean any remaining foods or water.
- Cutting down weeds and tall shrubs from the garden may help in getting rid of rats.
- Throw all your trash in a covered bin.
- Plant herbs in your garden, as the odor of that, would help you to repel the mice.
- Sanitize the area correctly using proper detergents or bleach along with water.
- Keep your open spaces uncluttered.
- Rat repellents are also available in the market. They are easy to use.
- Try to avoid toxic stuff for killing rats in the house.
- Don’t use inhumane traps.
- Don’t put garbage, spillage foods, pet foods, fruits, and bins in an open space as this will attract the rats, and they will start residing in such places.
- Avoid standing water in your nearby places.
- Avoid putting bird feeders.
- Don’t try to vacuum their droppings otherwise you’ll end up spreading it here and there.