Rats are medium sized creatures with long tails. True rats belong to genus “Rattus,”among which black and brown rats are closely associated with humans. These rats were originated from Asia. Rats and mice can be distinguished only by their sizes i.e. rats are bigger in size while mice are smaller in size. Bucks are the male rats while the young female is called does, newly born rats are called pups or kittens. Pregnant female rats are “Damsremember.”
Rats are small, filthy creatures which love to reside near or in our houses. Rodents can easily escape and invade your home, spreading the diseases to your family members. They require spillage foods, stagnant water, and shelter for their survival. The most commonly found species are Roof Rats and Norway Rats.
The black or the roof rats are usually found near coastal areas in the United States; they live on the ground while Norway rats are found all over the country and inside the ground. They are a serious risk factor because they cause numerous diseases in children. There are around 20 types of diseases which are carried by the rats and are harmful to humans; these include foot and mouth disease, Lassa Fever, Leptospirosis, bubonic plague and Hantavirus infections. They transmit diseases through their urine and feces. They act as a zoonotic vector.
Rodent infestation in your houses can be easily identified by their droppings, tear or rip in your fabric material, digs or holes in your open areas, holes in your furniture. Rats feed on vegetables, fruits, fish or meat.
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